The Art & Expertise in English Language Writing


The Art & Expertise in English Language Writing

The Determination of writing:

The Art & Expertise in English Language Writing

  • The art of writing is often viewed as the graphically picture of speech. However, this only happens until the voice of the speech can be indicated by some mark on the paper. . Speech and writing are used in different situations and hence they serve different social functions. There are not many situations where we have a free choice between speech and writing: in most cases we are obliged to use only one of these two modes of communication.
  • The typical situation where writing is the only choice is when the receiver of the communication is not physically present ad writing has certain specific features to meet the exigencies of this situation. In face – to – face communication by speech, the physical presence of the speaker and the hearer makes it possible to supplement speech with other non-verbal signals such as gestures, intonation, facial expressions, the physical situation, body language, eye contact, spatial and touch message, tone of voice, silence and artifacts, etc. the speaker also gets sufficient feedback from the hearer to repeat or rephrase a sentence, if necessary, to make the message clear. Besides, since he has to keep only a very small communication situation under control at a time, he need not organize all his thoughts in advance and can even make do with single words or incomplete sentences.
  • Since this benefit is not available in writing, another device must be used to compensate for it. Some of the more obvious devices are punctuation marks, paragraphing, use of capital or bold letters, underling, italicizing, use of various types of sentence connectors, e.g. therefore, however, in other words, in short, to begin with, finally, etc., use of lexical words in place of modal verbs (e.g. Possible in place of may), use of different word-order, use of paragraph heading, etc. it is therefore apparent that in order to communicate through writing one has to learn these conventions besides acquiring the ability to write the letters of the alphabet and spell the words. Further, writing does not come under the everyday use of language. Excluding specialized persons similar to writers’ journalists, lawyers, teachers, and other have very few occasions to resort to this mode of communication. It is because of these reasons that writing is regarded as the most difficult English language skills to acquire.
  • Besides, being a different mode of communication in English language, writing also serves another pedagogic purpose in English language teaching: it can be used to fix the structures and vocabulary already taught. Since the development of communication competence in writing should be viewed primarily as a means of fixing the material taught orally.

The process of writing:

  • The process of writing is usually divided into nine different stages, as;
  • Manipulation: manipulation consists in the psych-motor ability to form the letters of the alphabet. This is the most rudimentary stage in English language writing it should not pose much of a problem. Even for Pakistani students whose mother language does n`t use the Roman alphabet, the task of learning to write the letters should be comparatively not so easy, for by the time they come to learn English, they will have developed sufficient muscle control by writing in their mother language. All they need to learn is to form these new vocabulary words.
  • Structuring: Structuring is the next stage. Here the learner is required to organize the letters into words, the words into phrases and sentences. This will also be comparatively easy if writing is preceded by intensive oral work. In that case the learner has only to reproduce the words and patterns he has learnt orally.
  • If these two were the only aspects of writing, the skill of writing would have developed almost automatically with the development of the aural-oral skills. Everyone who understand and speaks his mother language would have been able to writ it by simply learning the script. That writing involves more than just these two aspects can be easily seen from the fact that most people, though they can speak the language perfectly well and can even write a beautiful hand, can`t express themselves coherently in writing. It is therefore no wonder that many students who can perform intricate grammatical tricks in English fail to write two connected sentences to express their thoughts.  This is due mainly to the fact that the teaching of writing English in our schools is largely confined to the composition of individual sentences, or to the stage of structuring, and is seldom raised to the next higher stage- the stage of communication.
  • Communication: communication in writing, like interpretation in reading, is the ultimate goal. At this stage the writer is able to select the appropriate structure and vocabulary in overall context of the passage, keeping in view the subject-matter and the audience (i.e. the prospective reader). This kind of insight into the working of the language can develop only
  • Through long experience:
  •  Intensive Practice:
  • Critical study of good writing:
  • A Through Mastery: of the various conventions used in written language: as; A narrative piece, a descriptive piece, a short story, a novel, Diaries, essays, resumes or biographies, poems, short stories, tweets, etc.  etc., are usually couched in their instinct ‘informal form’.
  • A lot of Reading:You can improve your writing skills even if you are not physically typing. By reading as much as possible, you will improve your vocabulary and understanding of how English is used.
  • Write down your speaking style:This is not always the case, but you can generally improve the fluency and readability of your writing by simply writing the way you speak.
  • Learn new words:It goes without saying that you need to expand your vocabulary to write more confidently and fluently.
  • Make writing a daily habit: as the daily Writing practice makes the perfect.So the only way to improve your writing over time is to keep writing. Even just 5 or 10 minutes a day, if done every day, will greatly help you improve your written English.
  • Check for errors:The last thing you do when writing something is to read it carefully to make sure it makes sense and you don’t make mistakes. Always review your work.
  • Development of the skill of writing: should therefore, proceed progressively through all the above mentioned stages ultimately leading to the art of self-expression.

Art Analysis of the Art and Specialization in English language writing:

  • (a)  So far from the above discussion, we have managed to unravel some of these complex skill components. Like any other skill, we can say that a person who can express himself in written English can:
  • (b)  Write the letters of the alphabet at a reasonable speed;
  •    (c) Spell the word correctly
  •    (d) Remember the appropriate word and add it to the sentence;
  • (e) Use proper punctuation;
  • (f) Link sentences with sentence connectors and appropriate sequence hints (eg pronouns, specific articles, etc.).
  • (g) Organize thoughts and ideas in logical sentences and appropriate (h) paragraphs around topic sentences;
  • (i) Consider the importance of a word or phrase in the general context of a written passage;
  • (j) Use the appropriate forms and records for the subject and audience.









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