What is the difference between Pakistani and International Education System?
Pakistan’s education system is often discussed in the media. Everyone, from experts to laymen, continues to offer their own perspectives on educational issues and performance. Some offer some solutions, some others. For some, education should be given in Urdu, for some in mother tongue, for some in English.
But no one discusses what, other than language, needs to be corrected and changed. Very few people know the difference between the school system of Pakistan and the school system of other developed countries of the world.
The main problem of the education system of Pakistan is the failure of the foundation of the teaching system i.e. the school system. Pakistan’s higher education has been rising in quality over time, and students from Pakistani universities have made their mark around the world. The same courses are taught in the top universities of Pakistan, as in the universities of other countries of the world.
Similarly, Sweden also has a prominent position in the world in higher education and three of its universities are among the hundred best universities in the world. Students from all over the world flock here for higher education and research in medicine, engineering and other fields, but it still focuses on the education of its schools and the current government has allocated a significant additional amount to schools, while in Pakistan the case is opposite.
The Swedish Prime Minister has created a national plan for this purpose because according to him the future of the country starts from school. I have had the opportunity to study in educational institutions in both Pakistan and Sweden, and I think the school education system in Pakistan needs to be improved a lot.
Here I am not referring to the closed schools, or the lack of facilities, but to the overall teaching style, which is prevalent in the schools, because the children whose foundation is strong from the school itself, are ready for the field of higher education. Difficulties will not arise.
Currently, the school system of Sweden’s neighboring country, Finland, has been rated as the best in the world. The educational system of Swedish and Finnish schools is almost the same.
Here children start school at the age of seven. 100% responsibility of the education system rests with the government. Private schools are few and far between, and those that exist are government-sponsored and funded, so there is no significant difference between public and private schools, but the overwhelming majority of people prefer public schools.
It is the responsibility of the government to provide books, copies, pencils, and all other things to the children. Children get free lunch in schools. Children are not burdened with unnecessary subjects, nor are they given work to write during vacations, but they are told to have fun but study.
When it comes to exams, each child is tested individually, and there are no annual exams every year, and no declaration of first, second, and third placers. Educationally weaker children are given free tuition by the school.
For each grade and subject, the Education Department has created a syllabus, which schools follow. There are similar schools all over the country and the children of Mahmood and Ayaz get their education sitting in the same row.
Teachers are highly educated and hold high status in society. There is also a plan for teacher training and development so that they can teach children more effectively.
The biggest difference I have seen between Pakistan and Sweden’s school system is that in Sweden children’s creativity is highlighted and no child is discriminated against, his self-respect is taken care of. is, and his personality is further developed. They are taught to think, understand, and express information in their own words.
In contrast, if a child in Pakistan were asked to write two pages on a topic, it would not be possible for the majority. This is because our emphasis is on cramming, and the one who crammed, passes with good marks.
A friend of ours from Sweden moved his children to Pakistan and enrolled them in a large private school, considered the best in Pakistan. But the children expressed disgust with the education system there after a few months and returned to Sweden. When I asked, the children said that if there is no answer with a stick, then the teacher fails and if an answer is given in their own words, they say that you should not try to be too intellectual.
Another difference is that the medium of education in Sweden is the local language, whereas in Pakistan it is not, which keeps the children in trouble all their lives. Here in Sweden, the children of immigrants are taught by the government in their mother tongue in schools, and are encouraged to speak to the children in the mother tongue at home to develop their skills, and so on. They will be able to learn other languages and sciences better.
In Sweden, English is taught from the second grade and one of the European languagesfrom the fifth grade, with the result that after five years the child is able to read, write, and communicate in the respective European language.
But the thing to think is that English has now become the medium of education in Pakistani schools and children are taught in it for ten years, but why even after matriculation students cannot speak in English with confidence like here. Can students?
English is taught in Urdu medium even in the private schools that charge huge fees, the result of which is that neither Urdu medium nor English remains, rather it has become a subjugation of both languages.
If Pakistan is to develop, it has to improve its school system. Highly qualified teachers should be hired, who should be well paid, and children should be provided with educational facilities. Rotting must be discouraged and the best solution is to not only train but encourage children to respond in their own words.
The medium of instruction should be the vernacular, and above all, there should be a uniform system of education and uniform schools throughout the country, in which children of all classes should learn together, so that class distinctions may be abolished.
While formulating education policies, it is important to take guidance and suggestions from those who understand the education system of Pakistan and other countries well.
If we want to keep pace with the world, we have to see where the world’s steps are, and where ours are. Unless this direction is thought of, the country will not be able to develop.