Lesson Plan of Understanding Alphabetical Order, and Telling the Time
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Use first and second letters to arrange words in alphabetical order.
Information for Teachers
- Alphabetical order is useful for dictionary skills.
- Select familiar words from the textbooks that students can easily read, such as single syllable words (pin, pen, pan, pot, put, etc.)
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, a large wall cclock with bold numbers, letter flash cards
- Ask the students to sing the alphabet song.
- Recap with ‘what comes next’ letter activity
- Give letter flashcards to different students.
- Ask them to line up in a sequence as you speak the letters of the alphabet.
- Write some short words on the board; cat, dog, run, play, sing, ball, hat, etc.
- Ask students to arrange them in alphabetical order.
- Remind them that they have done this in Grade 1.
- Explain to the students how to organize words using the sequence of the letters of the alphabet.
- Revise the letters of alphabet orally and provide a chart/list of the alphabet for recap.
- Write a list of words that are in the students` reading and writing vocabulary on the writing board and ask them to arrange the list in alphabetical order. The list may be: cake, desk, apple, fan, bat, egg.
- Ask the students to look at the first letter of every word, circle it and write it on a side of the worksheet e.g. c, d, a, f, b, e.
- Help them to see which letter comes first, second and so on in the alphabet list. They may write 1, 2, 3…. On the /next to the letters. For example 1 –a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d, 5-e, 6-f.
- Using this cue, the students may come to the writing board one by one and write the words using the alphabetical order,; apple, bat, cake, desk, egg, fan.
- Practice this activity a couple of times with each student using the writing board.
- Give same practice on worksheets notebooks.
- Provide another list of words in which first letters of every word are same but the second letters are different.
- Use the writing board to introduce the activity in the same manner as above.
- Ask the students to look at the second letter and arrange the second words in alphabetical order. The list may be dug, dig, desk, date, and doll.
- Repeat activity on worksheet/notebooks.
- Divide the children into small groups.
- Ask them to write the first letter of their name on a piece of paper and hold it up.
- Then, ask them to arrange themselves in alphabetical order.
- Ask them to check if they are in the right order by reciting the alphabet together.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students how alphabetical order helps us.
- Give dictionaries in groups and ask them to look up any three familiar words or look up a word for them and show how it saves time to search alphabetically.
- Do a countdown. Make 2 groups.
- Give each a dictionary; say out a word and se which group is able to look up the word quickly. .let a different child from each group gets a turn.
- Write the letters and past them on the board and ask the students to arrange them in alphabetical order. The letters can be written on the board or teachers can prepare their own flashcards.
- Ask the students to arrange the following words in alphabetical order according to first and second letter.
- A) camel, letter, fun, airplane, monkey
- B) Boy, bird, bed, bag, bulb.
- Ask the children to write simple sentences of the words they have found in a dictionary, e.g. apple-this is an apple, ball- I play with a ball, etc.
- Share children1s sentences and copy some of them onto a chart paper to diplay in class as a reminder.