WHAT IS FLIPPED CLASSROOM?
Education in the 21st century is changing considerably: Montessori Method, Design Thinking (Case Method), Challenge-Based Learning (ABR), Waldorf Method, Science Lab, Fontana Method…, these are just some examples of new educational trends; among them is also the Flipped Classroom (flipped classroom or flipped classroom), which is quite on the rise.
The Flipped Classroom pedagogical model proposes that students prepare lessons outside of class, and interact in the classroom to discuss ideas, relying on new technologies.
The Flipped Classroom is a teaching method that, as its name suggests, consists of turning around what has been done until now, inverting the traditional educational system. It proposes that students study and prepare the lessons outside of class, accessing the contents of the subjects at home, so that later in the classroom it is where they do their homework, and they can interact and carry out more participatory activities, analyze ideas, debate between them … All this relying heavily on new technologies and with a teacher who acts as a guide.
It is a groundbreaking system because it proposes that students study and prepare the lessons outside of class, accessing the contents of the subjects at home so that, later, it is in the classroom where they do their homework, interact and carry out more participatory activities (analyze ideas, debates),
Flipped Classroom, or classes the other way around, is a term associated with a new pedagogical model that is based on inverting certain procedures of the teaching and learning process and transferring some aspects to contexts outside the classroom, relocating the roles of teachers and students
Flipped Classroom is a pedagogical model also known as a flipped classroom. This teaching method has gained importance in recent years due to the need to change the traditional learning system to adapt it to current needs and, above all, to the children of the 21st century. With the Flipped Classroom you learn by doing and not by memorizing.
The Flipped Classroom methodology is revolutionary by nature because it proposes to turn around what has been done until now, casting doubt on the classical educational system. It is a groundbreaking system because it proposes that students study and prepare the lessons outside of class, accessing the contents of the subjects at home so that, later, it is in the classroom where they do their homework, interact and carry out more participatory activities (analyze ideas, debates, group work, etc.)
However, “flipping” a class is much more than editing and distributing a video. It is a comprehensive approach that combines direct instruction with constructivist methods, increasing student engagement and involvement with the course content and improving their conceptual understanding. It is a comprehensive approach that, when applied successfully, will support all phases of a learning cycle. (Bloom’s Taxonomy)
When teachers design and publish an “online,” class time is freed up so that student engagement in active learning can be facilitated through questions, discussions, and applied activities that encourage exploration, articulation, and application of ideas.
Advantages of the Flipped Classroom
Students are the protagonists:
Students are the protagonists of their own learning and are involved from the first moment as it gives them-selves responsibilities, going from being passive to active subjects. They become actors instead of spectators because they work, participate, raise questions, collaborate as a team, organize and plan to carry out projects or solve problems…
This method gives more time to answer questions and consolidate knowledge in class. Having worked on the contents and concepts at home, the time in the classroom can be dedicated to answering questions, solving comprehension or learning difficulties and working on the issues individually and collaboratively.
Encourage diversity in the classroom:
Students can spend as much time as they want to review the contents, to arrive at the perfect understanding. The help of new technologies is essential: if students are viewing a lesson through an interactive video or graphic, they can pause it and repeat it as many times as they wish. In addition, depending on the doubts that the student has, the teacher can make the pertinent adaptations.
Deeper and lasting learning over time:
Something is very useful to function without problems in society. It is achieved when the teacher invests more time to create, analyze and apply knowledge to real life. In addition, the Flipped Classroom methodology tends for students to remember or memorize as little as possible, compression is the basis.
Improves the development of competences for individual and collaborative work:
From the first stages, the autonomy of the student is fostered and digital competence is promoted through the use of new technologies. Skills to organize, plan, exchange opinions or deal with information are also developed thanks to collaborative work.
Greater motivational for the student:
They identify the learning method as something new and fun being aware that they are the ones who assume responsibilities, make decisions, participate and work hand in hand with their peers to achieve common goals.
The use of Flipped Classroom in the different educational stages:
Regardless of the educational stage we focus on, when introducing flipped learning in the classroom, planning is essential. A planning that must under considers the particularities of each stage, as well as the resources available to them.
Thus, in stages such as Early Childhood Education (0-6 years), the application of the Flipped Classroom methodology is complex, but not impossible. There are subjects in whom the Flipped Classroom can be developed, such as mathematical concepts, knowledge of the environment or the literacy process. In these cases, the support of families is vital, since at this stage it is the parents who have to use new technologies at the service of their children’s learning.
After passing the Infant stage then come Primary (6-12 years). In this period, it is key factor to motivate students to keep them hooked on the teaching and learning process. This is where school failure caused by emotional, attitudinal or motivational problems can most appear. The application of the Flipped Classroom methodology will help students to motivate them, learn to work as a team, live together in the classroom and create an effective bond between the school, the student and the family.
The implementation of Flipped Classroom in Secondary (12-18 years) connects with a complicated stage for many young people due to emotional and personality changes.
Disadvantages of Flipped Classroom:
Increased LCD / Screen Time:
Decreased in Human Elements:
Reliance on Technology:
Sum up / Conclusion:
In Higher education, the implementation of the Flipped Classroom methodology is easier due to the maturity of the students. It is key for distance or online education modalities. Flipped Learning provides advantages such as viewing the videos as many times as necessary and has no limitations in space or time.
Thanks to the Flipped Classroom methodology, schoolchildren learn by doing and not by memorizing, just the opposite of the more traditional educational system. In addition, they develop knowledge and skills that will be very useful in their day to day.