Teachers and Education in Pakistan


Why are Teachers and Education lagging behind in Pakistan? Let’s explain

  • Teachers are the basic unit of any educational arrangement. There is an important link between the school and the student, the state and the people. If this link is outdated and you make a million claims, this educational arrangement will continue to rot.


  • In its manifesto, the current ruling party has also made big claims about teachers and the education system. The claims of attracting qualified people to become teachers, enhancing the qualifications of existing teachers and creating a check and balance system have the same repetitions and deficiencies that we have been facing in education policies for 70 years.


  • When the relationship between education and knowledge and skills is broken, then its purpose is to make money, gain fame and somehow reach higher positions. The question is, why are teachers lagging behind in this race?
  • Teachers used to be very good but now why don’t teachers take more interest in students? At one time teachers used to help weaker students and encourage deserving students but now they give pamphlets of tuition centers in their classes. But some scholars also argue that in a society where money as a whole is the first value, the lessons of ethics and humanity become a mere expense.

The issue of uniform education system:


  • It would not be wrong to say here that the education system in these countries is neither fully in tune with the mood of the people nor is it uniform. The education system in Pakistan is also divided into several levels and each level. It is divided on the basis of class. Our education system is neither a reflection of complete Orientalism nor can it be said to be fully compatible with Western concepts. Nor can an Islamic society be formed on balanced lines. Our rulers may not be able to gauge the importance of education in the Muslim era, but the value of knowledge can be gauged from the fact that the king named Malik Shah Khaljuqi at one time incurred extraordinary expenses on education. When there was some concern, he told Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi that an army of Jarrar could be formed from this large number. Nizam-ul-Mulk said, “O king! The arrows of your army can work in just a few steps, but the arrows of the army that I am preparing will be effective in all the dimensions of the earth, and the arrows of his prayers and good deeds will be from the super of the sky which can’t even stopped

Expecting teachers, journalists and doctors not to get involved in the money race because their professions are great is just a crazy dream. Money is not the first value in America, Europe, China and Japan, why are the teachers there better than in countries like ours? Why is the quality of education better there? There is no denying that money is the first value, but there is another reason for the educational decline we are facing. It remains to be seen whether education is related to knowledge and skills.

  • When the relationship between education and knowledge and skills is broken, then its purpose is to make money, gain fame and somehow reach higher positions. The question is, why are teachers lagging behind in this race?
  • We have had an educational system for the last 50 years that has a very weak relationship with research. Where there is no culture of research, the relationship between education and knowledge and skills will remain weak. A culture of research requires freedom of questioning and reflection. It is commonly called Academic Freedom, but this bird is not allowed to fly in our public and private educational institutions.
  • Some of the reasons for disgust with the culture of wall-lifting are religious and political, while most of the reasons are administrative and internal. This is the basic issue that we do not want to talk about and the proof of this is the manifestos of our political parties which do not have a single sentence related to it.
  • When education loses its connection with knowledge and research, it becomes like a sick body that is attacked by various germs. After the relationship between education and research and knowledge has been severed, the only criterion to be considered worthy is to somehow get marks in exams, get 8 or 10 A grade etc. This is the situation we are facing today, but all our attention is somewhere other than the root.
  • As today is International Teachers’ Day, there is nothing wrong with paying attention to a few more facts in this regard. For this, you have to look at the educational data.
  • Everyone puts their hands on their backs and repeats that in the old days teachers were very capable and good. But when you ask them how many schools there were in the old days and how many children there were in those schools? What was the ratio of students to teachers per school? What is the maximum number of children in a class? So he gets nervous.
  • When the British government of India published the ‘Post War Educational Report’ in 1944, it acknowledged that the illiteracy rate in British India at that time was 85%. According to the 1951 census, the population of West Pakistan was 33 million 70 thousand. The rapid increase in population after the formation of Pakistan has had a devastating effect on every sector. Now if a class has 120 children instead of 30, what will the teacher do?
  • Allama Iqbal had written a book on economics in 1904 in which he described the population bomb as the most deadly, but those who considered Iqbal as their mentor did not agree with him. When the report of the Hamoodur Rehman Education Commission came out in 1966, it was admitted that only 30% of the teachers in East Pakistan and 50% in West Pakistan met the standards set by the government.
  • Thus, under the 1969 education policy, when Islamic studies was made a compulsory subject up to the tenth standard, a consignment of teachers was recruited without any qualifications. In 1972, when the policy of nationalizing education was introduced to take the people out of the grief of the break-up of Pakistan, two and a half lakh teachers were recruited in which quality was not taken into consideration. Thus, the proportion of untrained teachers at the government level has increased.

How Pakistan’s ‘Money -Grabbing Mafia’ is destroying education:

  • The point here is to capitalize on the fact that the rulers and rulers of the Muslim era did not consider education to be a trade or a burden on the treasury, just as our current rulers and the education sector have made education a business Shaped.
  • The principle of education for employment is being adopted instead of education for education and unfortunately the educational institutions that the government is encouraging in this regard are turning education into a lucrative business. A business in which only a person with money can invest can exist. The owners of large private schools in Pakistan have made so much money by robbing the people of Pakistan in the name of education that they are investing trillions in Dubai, Bangladesh, Malaysia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since the establishment of Pakistan till date more than fourteen education policies have been implemented in this country but still it is the most illiterate country in South Asia, who will answer this question? Our education system is in fact outdated and made of English. Its founder is Lord Macaulay who said that my education system cannot be Muslim, Muslim. Even after knowing this, we did not make any serious effort to devise a system of education that is in tune with the new and modern requirements. If we take a look at the shortcomings of the education system of Pakistan and its dilapidated condition, we will know that no single standard education system has been introduced in this country till date. In this regard, it is reprehensible that the government tried new experiments to promote education, but the result was that the nation faced worse consequences than the previous system, if today we as a nation They want Pakistan to develop and Pakistani knowledge to make their country famous all over the world, so we must first adopt a priority policy to put the education system in the right direction.
  • In Zia Shahi, on the other hand, when private schools were allowed to do business, no criteria for teacher recruitment was set. This is the situation we all face today.
  • So instead of playing the drums of an imaginary golden past, we have to look at the current state of the education system in the context of the past. In today’s world, teachers cannot get the place they deserve in Western societies without combining education with research and skills and setting minimum standards for teacher recruitment.

  • Education and training are essential to eradicate ignorance. Trained teachers can play an important role in improving education. Even before the formation of Pakistan, there were training institutes in schools and colleges to provide educational services. These were called normal schools where under the supervision and training of expert teachers, teachers were trained to teach in primary and middle schools and to transfer knowledge to children.
  • This process continued. In the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the status of these schools was upgraded to the status of Government Elementary Teachers Training Colleges which could issue certificates to PTC, CT,OT, and Drawing Teachers after one year program. Were
  • On the basis of this, they used to get jobs in schools. In 2003-2004, the Punjab government took a revolutionary step and established the first Teachers Training University not only in Pakistan but also in the Punjab province. The Punjab Assembly also approved the charter. Now Government Elementary Teachers Training Colleges established in 36 districts of Punjab have been given the status of University Colleges and various graduate and post graduate classes have been launched here.
  • This was the prelude to a “silent educational revolution”. Thousands of students from each of these 35 institutions completed graduation / post-graduation and succeeded in getting education, training and employment. He was recruited by the Punjab Government as an Educator (BS-9 to BS-17). These meritorious youths passed not only NTS but also Punjab Public Service Commission and became eligible for employment.
  • The Punjab government and other domestic and foreign educational aid agencies have spent billions of rupees on these educational institutions. That is why these 35 colleges have all those facilities. There are spacious buildings (new and old), a library, a computer lab and the adjoining laboratory school and hostels in major cities.
  • In addition, there are 600 teachers who have academic qualifications (MA, MSc, and M.Ed.) and they have passed NTS and Punjab Public Service Commission from BS 17 to BS 20 as (Subject Specialist / Senior Subject Specialists) were posted.

This is the job of the government, educational institutions and the people. Without it, our society cannot be civilized, nor can our country develop economically, nor can terrorism be eradicated from this country. To get out of the quagmire of unfavorable conditions, we need to create awareness among the people that spreading the light of education can not only eradicate both poverty and ignorance, but education can play an important role in reforming the entire social system.





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